Document Detail

Histone deacetylase inhibitor 4-phenylbutyrate modulates glial fibrillary acidic protein and connexin 43 expression, and enhances gap-junction communication, in human glioblastoma cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15093585     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Human glioblastoma cell cultures were established and the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and the gap-junction protein connexin 43 (Cx43) was confirmed by Western blot. Following treatment with 4-phenylbutyrate (4-PB), increased concentrations of non-phosphorylated GFAP were seen, while phosphorylated isoforms remained intact. Immunocytochemical staining of glioblastoma cells revealed an intracellular redistribution of GFAP. In addition to cytoplasmic immunostaining, GFAP immunoreactivity was also associated with the nucleus and/or the nuclear membrane. Phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated Cx43 proteins were increased 2- to 5-fold following 4-PB treatment, and were redistributed to areas of the cell surface, participating in cell-to-cell contacts. In addition, functional gap-junction coupling was amplified, as indicated by increased fluorescent dye transfer, and elevated levels of Cx43 protein were detected in parallel with enhanced gap-junction communication. Induced cell differentiation, with improved functional coupling of tumour cells, may be of importance for therapeutic strategies involving intercellular transport of low molecular-weight compounds.
T Asklund; I B Appelskog; O Ammerpohl; T J Ekström; P M Almqvist
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990)     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0959-8049     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Cancer     Publication Date:  2004 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-04-19     Completed Date:  2004-06-10     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005373     Medline TA:  Eur J Cancer     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1073-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Center for Molecular Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology*
Blotting, Western
Cell Communication / physiology
Connexin 43 / metabolism*
Gap Junctions / metabolism*
Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein / metabolism*
Glioblastoma / metabolism*
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors*
Histone Deacetylases / drug effects
Phenylbutyrates / pharmacology*
Tumor Cells, Cultured
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antineoplastic Agents; 0/Connexin 43; 0/Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein; 0/Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors; 0/Phenylbutyrates; 1821-12-1/4-phenylbutyric acid; EC Deacetylases

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