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Histone deacetylase activity is required for embryonic posterior lateral line development.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24267956     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: The posterior lateral line (PLL) system in zebrafish has recently become a model for investigating tissue morphogenesis. PLL primordium periodically deposits neuromasts as it migrates along the horizontal myoseptum from head to tail of the embryonic fish, and this migration requires activity of various molecular mechanisms. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) have been implicated in numerous biological processes of development, by regulating gene transcription, but their roles in regulating PLL during embryonic development have up to now remained unexplored.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, we used HDAC inhibitors to investigate the role of HDACs in early development of the zebrafish PLL sensory system. We further investigated development of the PLL by cell-specific immunostaining and in situ hybridization.
RESULTS: Our analysis showed that HDACs were involved in zebrafish PLL development as pharmacological inhibition of HDACs resulted in its defective formation. We observed that migration of PLL primordium was altered and accompanied by disrupted development of PLL neuromasts in HDAC inhibitor-treated embryos. In these, positions of PLL neuromasts were affected. In particular, the first PLL neuromast was displaced posteriorly in a treatment dose-dependent manner. Primordium cell proliferation was reduced upon HDAC inhibition. Finally, we showed that inhibition of HDAC function reduced numbers of hair cells in PLL neuromasts of HDAC inhibitor-treated embryos.
CONCLUSION: Here, we have revealed a novel role for HDACs in orchestrating PLL morphogenesis. Our results suggest that HDAC activity is necessary for control of cell proliferation and migration of PLL primordium and hair cell differentiation during early stages of PLL development in zebrafish.
Authors:
Y He; J Wu; H Mei; H Yu; S Sun; J Shou; H Li
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-11-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cell proliferation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2184     ISO Abbreviation:  Cell Prolif.     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-11-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9105195     Medline TA:  Cell Prolif     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Affiliation:
Institutes of Biomedical Sciences of Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032, China; Department of Otolaryngology, Affiliated Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, 200031, China.
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