Document Detail

Histological characteristics of the human femoral head in patients with femoral neck fracture.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23086404     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The reparative reaction including angiogenesis and osteogenesis in human bone after an ischemic event remains unknown. To investigate the reparative reaction in human bone, the distribution of tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive cells and the expressions of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), and CD31 were observed around the fracture site in 101 hips in 100 patients with femoral neck fracture. These 17 men and 83 women had a mean age of 80 years (range, 58-97 years). Of the hips, 17 were Garden stage 3, and 84 were Garden stage 4. The mean duration from fracture to surgery was 6.3 days (range, 1-14 days). Hematoxylin-eosin staining, TRAP staining, and immunohistochemistry using anti-HIF-1α, anti-VEGF anti-FGF-2, and anti-CD31 antibodies were performed for the coronal section of the retrieved whole femoral heads. TRAP-positive cells were detected near the trabecular bone around the fracture site in ten hips (10 %). HIF-1α expression was detected in 41 hips (41 %), mainly in the endothelial cells of the vessels. VEGF showed diffuse cytoplasmic staining of the mononuclear cells in the edematous area in 39 hips (39 %) while FGF-2 was detected in the cytoplasm of mononuclear cells in the bone marrow in 82 hips (82 %). CD31 was expressed in the bone marrow vessels in 35 hips (35 %). There were significant differences in HIF-1α expression relative to the duration between the fracture and the surgery, and in CD31 expression relative to Garden stage. HIF-1α expression was detected around the fracture site in the early period after fracture and CD31 expression was detected more frequently in Garden 3 hips while VEGF and FGF-2 expressions were detected regardless of Garden classification.
Takashi Sakai; Daiki Iwana; Nobuo Nakamura; Takashi Nishii; Masaki Takao; Tetsu Watanabe; Hideki Yoshikawa; Nobuhiko Sugano
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-2307     ISO Abbreviation:  Virchows Arch.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9423843     Medline TA:  Virchows Arch     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2, Yamadaoka, 565-0871, Suita, Japan,
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