Document Detail

Histogram Analysis of Apparent Diffusion Coefficient at 3.0 T in Urinary Bladder Lesions: Correlation with Pathologic Findings.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24833566     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the potential value of histogram analysis of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) obtained at standard (700 s/mm(2)) and high (1500 s/mm(2)) b values on a 3.0-T scanner in the differentiation of bladder cancer from benign lesions and in assessing bladder tumors of different pathologic T stages and to evaluate the diagnostic performance of ADC-based histogram parameters.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 52 patients with bladder lesions, including benign lesions (n = 7) and malignant tumors (n = 45; T1 stage or less, 23; T2 stage, 7; T3 stage, 8; and T4 stage, 7), were retrospectively evaluated. Magnetic resonance examination at 3.0 T and diffusion-weighted imaging were performed. ADC maps were obtained at two b values (b = 700 and 1500 s/mm(2); ie, ADC-700 and ADC-1500). Parameters of histogram analysis included mean, kurtosis, skewness, and entropy. The correlations between these parameters and pathologic results were revealed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated to determine the diagnostic value of histogram parameters.
RESULTS: Significant differences were found in mean ADC-700, mean ADC-1500, skewness ADC-1500, and kurtosis ADC-1500 between bladder cancer and benign lesions (P = .002-.032). There were also significant differences in mean ADC-700, mean ADC-1500, and kurtosis ADC-1500 among bladder tumors of different pathologic T stages (P = .000-.046). No significant differences were observed in other parameters. Mean ADC-1500 and kurtosis ADC-1500 were significantly correlated with T stage, respectively (ρ = -0.614, P < .001; ρ = 0.374, P = .011). ROC analysis showed that the combination of mean ADC-1500 and kurtosis ADC-1500 has the maximal area under the ROC curve (AUC, 0.894; P < .001) in the differentiation of benign lesions and malignant tumors, with a sensitivity of 77.78% and specificity of 100%. AUCs for differentiating low- and high-stage tumors were 0.840 for mean ADC-1500 (P < .001) and 0.696 for kurtosis ADC-1500 (P = .015).
CONCLUSIONS: Histogram analysis of ADC-1500 at 3.0 T can be useful in evaluation of bladder lesions. A combination of mean ADC-1500 and kurtosis ADC-1500 may be more beneficial in the differentiation of benign and malignant lesions. Mean ADC-1500 was the most promising parameter for differentiating low- from high-stage bladder cancer.
Shi-Teng Suo; Xiao-Xi Chen; Yu Fan; Lian-Ming Wu; Qiu-Ying Yao; Meng-Qiu Cao; Qiang Liu; Jian-Rong Xu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Academic radiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1878-4046     ISO Abbreviation:  Acad Radiol     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-5-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9440159     Medline TA:  Acad Radiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 AUR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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