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Histochemical characterization of the mucins of the alimentary tract of the grass snake, Natrix natrix (Colubridae).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22608307     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Characterization of mucins in the alimentary tract of the grass snake, Natrix natrix was performed by histochemical (PAS, Alcian Blue, pH 2.5 and pH 1.0, sialidase-Alcian Blue, pH 2.5, HID-AB pH 2.5) and lectin-histochemical (WGA, SWGA, PNA, sialidase-PNA, SBA, sialidase-SBA, DBA, sialidase-DBA, ConA, BSI-B4, AAA, UEA-1, LTA) techniques. Oesophageal lining epithelium consisted of ciliated and goblet cells, with no pluricellular glands. Mannosylated sialosulfomucins were observed. Fundic mucosa of stomach presented surface cells producing sialomucins with terminal sialic acid linked to galactose. In gastric glands neck and oxynticopeptic cells were found. Neck cells had sialomucins with mannose, N-acetylglucosamine, galactose, N-acetylgalactosamine and fucose-α-(1,2)-linked residues. Cytoplasm of oxynticopeptic cells showed N-acetylgalactosamine and fucose residues. Secretion of surface cells in pyloric mucosa was similar to that of fundic ones, differing in having fucose. Goblet cells in the small intestine of N. natrix produced sulfo- and sialomucins, with sialic acid linked to galactose and N-acetylgalactosamine residues. Mucins also presented residues of mannose. Goblet cells in the large intestine presented sulfomucins only, with terminal N-acetylgalactosamine, galactose and N-acetylglucosamine. The glycosylation patterns found are probably related to protection against injuries, gastric juice and microorganisms, both pathogenic and decomposers, as well as to dietary adaptations.
Authors:
G Scillitani; D Mentino; G E Liquori; D Ferri
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tissue & cell     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-3072     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0214745     Medline TA:  Tissue Cell     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Biology, Laboratory of Histology and Comparative Anatomy, Aldo Moro University of Bari, via Orabona 4/a, I-70125 Bari, Italy.
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