Document Detail


Histidine-mediated RNA transfer to GDP for unique mRNA capping by vesicular stomatitis virus RNA polymerase.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20142503     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The RNA-dependent RNA polymerase L protein of vesicular stomatitis virus, a prototype of nonsegmented negative-strand (NNS) RNA viruses, forms a covalent complex with a 5'-phosphorylated viral mRNA-start sequence (L-pRNA), a putative intermediate in the unconventional mRNA capping reaction catalyzed by the RNA:GDP polyribonucleotidyltransferase (PRNTase) activity. Here, we directly demonstrate that the purified L-pRNA complex transfers pRNA to GDP to produce the capped RNA (Gpp-pRNA), indicating that the complex is a bona fide intermediate in the RNA transfer reaction. To locate the active site of the PRNTase domain in the L protein, the covalent RNA attachment site was mapped. We found that the 5'-monophosphate end of the RNA is linked to the histidine residue at position 1,227 (H1227) of the L protein through a phosphoamide bond. Interestingly, H1227 is part of the histidine-arginine (HR) motif, which is conserved within the L proteins of the NNS RNA viruses including rabies, measles, Ebola, and Borna disease viruses. Mutagenesis analyses revealed that the HR motif is required for the PRNTase activity at the step of the enzyme-pRNA intermediate formation. Thus, our findings suggest that an ancient NNS RNA viral polymerase has acquired the PRNTase domain independently of the eukaryotic mRNA capping enzyme during evolution and PRNTase becomes a rational target for designing antiviral agents.
Authors:
Tomoaki Ogino; Satya P Yadav; Amiya K Banerjee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2010-02-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     Volume:  107     ISSN:  1091-6490     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-25     Completed Date:  2010-04-05     Revised Date:  2012-12-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505876     Medline TA:  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3463-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Molecular Genetics, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Amino Acid Motifs
Amino Acid Sequence
Guanosine Diphosphate / metabolism*
Histidine / genetics,  metabolism*
Molecular Sequence Data
Phosphorylation
Protein Structure, Tertiary
RNA Caps / metabolism*
RNA Replicase / chemistry,  genetics,  metabolism*
RNA, Messenger / metabolism
Vesiculovirus / enzymology*
Viral Proteins / chemistry,  genetics,  metabolism*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AI26585/AI/NIAID NIH HHS; R01 AI026585/AI/NIAID NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/RNA Caps; 0/RNA, Messenger; 0/Viral Proteins; 146-91-8/Guanosine Diphosphate; 71-00-1/Histidine; EC 2.7.7.48/L protein, vesicular stomatitis virus; EC 2.7.7.48/RNA Replicase
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Feb 23;107(8):3283-4   [PMID:  20167804 ]

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