Document Detail

Histamine release in the isolated vascularly perfused stomach of the rat: regulation by autoreceptors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2470453     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
1. In the isolated vascularly-perfused stomach of the rat, gastrin 1-17 (520 pmol 1(-1)) increased acid output from basal values of 13.7 +/- 2.7 to 92.5 +/- 11.4 mumol h-1 and venous histamine output from 10.1 +/- 2.3 to 54.7 +/- 7.9 nmol h-1 (mean +/- s.e.mean). 2. The H1 receptor agonist 2-methylhistamine (10 mumol 1(-1)) increased acid output to 21.6 +/- 2.9 mumol h-1 (P less than 0.05) and reduced basal histamine output to 4.0 +/- 0.8 nmol h-1 (P less than 0.05). Gastrin-stimulated acid secretion and vascular histamine output was not significantly affected by 2-methylhistamine (10 mumol 1(-1)). 3. The H2 receptor agonist, impromidine, dose-dependently increased basal acid secretion, reaching a maximal value of 145.5 +/- 11.7 mumol h-1 with impromidine (10 mumol 1(-1)), and maximal gastrin-stimulated acid secretion to 167.4 +/- 15.1 mumol h-1 with impromidine (10 mumol 1(-1)). Impromidine dose-dependently inhibited basal and gastrin-stimulated vascular histamine output. 4. The H3 receptor agonist R-a-methylhistamine, (1 and 10 mumol 1(-1)) minimally increased basal acid secretion. R-a-methylhistamine (10 mumol 1(-1)) did not significantly affect maximal gastrin-stimulated acid secretion. Basal and gastrin-stimulated vascular histamine outputs decreased to 4.0 +/- 0.8 (P less than 0.05) and 24.7 +/- 4.7 nmol h-1 (P = 0.05) with R-a-methylhistamine (10 mumol 1(-1)). 5. The H2 receptor antagonist ranitidine (2 mumol 1(-1)) did not inhibit basal acid secretion, but acid outputs with gastrin and all histamine agonists were reduced. Ranitidine did not affect histamine release in the basal state, with gastrin or with any histamine agonist tested. 6 We conclude that gastric histamine release in the rat is regulated via a histamine H2 receptor sensitive to the histamine agonists tested, but not to ranitidine. It is unlikely that the inhibition of histamine release is secondary to increased gastric acidity.
A K Sandvik; M J Lewin; H L Waldum
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Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of pharmacology     Volume:  96     ISSN:  0007-1188     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  1989 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-07-03     Completed Date:  1989-07-03     Revised Date:  2010-05-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502536     Medline TA:  Br J Pharmacol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  557-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine and Institute of Cancer Research, Trondheim University, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Gastric Acid / secretion
Gastrins / pharmacology
Histamine Release / drug effects*
Receptors, Histamine / metabolism*
Stomach / metabolism*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Gastrins; 0/Receptors, Histamine

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