Document Detail


Hindlimb response to tactile stimulation of the pastern and coronet.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20486979     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Lightweight tactile stimulators attached to the hind pasterns increase the height of the hind hoof flight arc but details of the induced changes in swing phase kinematics and kinetics have not been investigated. HYPOTHESES: Stimulators on the hind pasterns are associated with increased hindlimb joint flexions and increased positive work performed by the hip and tarsal musculature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine nonlame horses trotted 4 times with and without 55 g tactile stimulators loosely attached around the hind pasterns. Height of the flight arc and peak flexion angles of the hindlimb joints were measured and net positive and negative work performed across each joint during the swing phase were calculated using inverse dynamics analysis and compared across paired conditions. RESULTS: Speed and stride duration did not change but stimulators were associated with a reduction in hind stance duration. The flight arc was higher with stimulators due to increased flexions of the stifle, tarsal, metatarsophalangeal and distal interphalangeal joints. Positive work increased in the tarsal musculature, but not in the hip musculature, and negative work increased across the stifle, metatarsophalangeal and distal interphalangeal joints. POTENTIAL RELEVANCE: The effects of tactile stimulation of the hind pasterns on joint motion and muscle activation may be used in physiotherapy and rehabilitation to restore or increase flexion of the hindlimb joints with the exception of the hip joint. The ability to stimulate concentric activity of the tarsal musculature may have therapeutic applications in conditions such as toe dragging.
Authors:
H M Clayton; A D White; L J Kaiser; S Nauwelaerts; M Lavagnino; N C Stubbs
Related Documents :
8450729 - Evaluation of moment-angle curves in isokinetic knee extension.
20717329 - Complex reference discriminant functions implemented iteratively on a joint transform c...
18617179 - A mechanical supination sprain simulator for studying ankle supination sprain kinematics.
1403949 - Evaluation of a technique for recording temporomandibular joint sounds.
15134619 - Ankle and subtalar kinematics measured with intracortical pins during the stance phase ...
11478039 - Thumb kinematics and their relevance to function.
1835789 - Rapid dissociation and reassociation of actomyosin cross-bridges during force generatio...
17805389 - Phase unwrapping method for three-dimensional stress analysis by scattered-light photoe...
20837539 - Orientation saliency without visual cortex and target selection in archer fish.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Equine veterinary journal     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0425-1644     ISO Abbreviation:  Equine Vet. J.     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-21     Completed Date:  2010-06-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0173320     Medline TA:  Equine Vet J     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  227-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Mary Anne McPhail Equine Performance Center, Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Biomechanics
Female
Gait / physiology*
Hindlimb*
Hoof and Claw*
Horses*
Joints*
Male

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Pack wounds of donkeys and mules in the Northern High Atlas and lowlands of Morocco.
Next Document:  Associations between physiotherapy findings and subsequent diagnosis of pelvic or hindlimb fracture ...