Document Detail

Highly stable Pt monolayer on PdAu nanoparticle electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23047673     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Stability is one of the main requirements for commercializing fuel cell electrocatalysts for automotive applications. Platinum is the best-known catalyst for oxygen reduction in cathodes, but it undergoes dissolution during potential changes while driving electric vehicles, thus hampering commercial adoption. Here we report a new class of highly stable, active electrocatalysts comprising platinum monolayers on palladium-gold alloy nanoparticles. In fuel-cell tests, this electrocatalyst with its ultra-low platinum content showed minimal degradation in activity over 100,000 cycles between potentials 0.6 and 1.0 V. Under more severe conditions with a potential range of 0.6-1.4 V, again we registered no marked losses in platinum and gold despite the dissolution of palladium. These data coupled with theoretical analyses demonstrated that adding a small amount of gold to palladium and forming highly uniform nanoparticle cores make the platinum monolayer electrocatalyst significantly tolerant and very promising for the automotive application of fuel cells.
Kotaro Sasaki; Hideo Naohara; Yongman Choi; Yun Cai; Wei-Fu Chen; Ping Liu; Radoslav R Adzic
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nature communications     Volume:  3     ISSN:  2041-1723     ISO Abbreviation:  Nat Commun     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101528555     Medline TA:  Nat Commun     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1115     Citation Subset:  IM    
Chemistry Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 555, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA.
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