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Highly specific methyl-end fatty-acid desaturases of trypanosomatids.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20974196     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A detailed analysis of the trypanosomatids' genome projects revealed the presence of genes predicted to encode fatty-acid desaturases of the methyl-end type (MED). After cloning and functional characterization of all identified genes, it can be concluded that Trypanosoma cruzi contains two MEDs with oleate desaturase (OD) activities whereas Leishmania major contains one OD and two active linoleate desaturases (LD). All characterized ODs are highly specific for oleate (18:1Δ9) as substrate, presenting a ν+3 regioselectivity, although palmitoleate (16:1Δ9) can be desaturated as well, but to a lesser extent. L. major LD appears to use exclusively linoleate (18:2n-6), converting it into α-linolenate (18:3n-3). This strong specificity assures no further conversion of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) of the n-6 series into the n-3 series, downstream in the PUFA biosynthesis pathway. This characterization completes the identification of all enzymes involved in PUFA biosynthesis in a parasitic protist. Differently from their Trypanosoma brucei orthologue, T. cruzi and L. major ODs were more active when expressed either, in the presence of trienoic fatty acids or at higher temperatures. This could be evidence for a differential post-translational regulation of these enzymes as a result of direct sensing of environmentally dependent parameters such as membrane fluidity.
Authors:
Andrés Alloatti; Antonio D Uttaro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-10-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular and biochemical parasitology     Volume:  175     ISSN:  1872-9428     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Biochem. Parasitol.     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006324     Medline TA:  Mol Biochem Parasitol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  126-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular de Rosario (IBR), CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Santa Fe, Argentina.
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