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Higher intake of fruits and vegetables in pregnancy is associated with birth size.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22299448     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Maternal nutrition has a programming effect on fetal growth. This cross-sectional study investigated the association between maternal micronutrient, fruit and vegetable intake with birth size. Nutrient and food intake were examined using a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. One hundred twenty-one pregnant women at 28 to 38 weeks gestation aged 19-40 years, were recruited from the Universiti Sains Malaysia Hospital, Malaysia. Birth weight, length and head circumference were obtained from the medical records. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regression. Results indicate no significant association between any of the measured micronutrients and birth size. However, 2 of the 6 vegetable subgroups and those consumed fruit during pregnancy had children whose birth size was significantly associated with consumption. An increase of 10 g of leafy vegetables per day was associated with a 1.78 cm increase in head circumference (p = 0.04), and tuber vegetable intake was associated with birth length (beta = 0.21, p = 0.03) and head circumference (beta = 0.21, p = 0.01). Fruit intake was associated with birth weight (beta = 0.19, p = 0.04), birth length (beta = 0.20, p = 0.04) and head circumference (beta = 0.19, p = 0.03). The lack of association between maternal nutrient intake and fetal growth and the significant association between fruit and vegetable intake and birth size suggests the existence of other micronutrients and phytochemicals present in foods that play an important role in birth size. The types of nutrients and their roles in birth size warrant further investigation.
Authors:
See-Ling Loy; M Marhazlina; Y Nor Azwany; J M Hamid Jan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0125-1562     ISO Abbreviation:  Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0266303     Medline TA:  Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health     Country:  Thailand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1214-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Nutrition Programme, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia.
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