Document Detail


Higher comorbidity, poor functional status and higher health care utilization in veterans with prevalent total knee arthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19517157     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective of this study was to compare comorbidity, functional ability, and health care utilization in veterans with total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA) versus matched control populations. A cohort of veterans using Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system reported limitations in six activities of daily living (ADLs; bathing, dressing, eating, walking, transferring, and using the toilet), demographics, and physician-diagnosed comorbidity. VA databases provided healthcare utilization and International Classification of Diseases-9/Common procedure terminology codes for TKA/THA. Patients were classified as: (1) primary TKA; (2) primary THA; (3) combination group (>or=1 procedure); and (4) control veteran population (no THA/TKA). Multivariable regression analyses compared the risk or counts of ADL limitation and in-/out-patient visits. After multivariable adjustment, TKA, THA or combination groups had significantly higher prevalence of the following compared to veteran controls: arthritis, diabetes, or heart disease (p < 0.0001 each), severe (>or=3) ADL limitation (33%, 42%, 42% vs. 24%; p < 0.0001), and annual hospitalization rate (24%, 19%, 26% vs. 16%, p < 0.0001). Annual outpatient surgery visits were more (2.5, 2.3, 2.3 vs. 2, p = 0.01) and risk of any mental health outpatient visit was lower (12%, 11%, 12% vs. 18%, p = 0.0039). All ADLs, except eating, were significantly more limited in arthroplasty groups (p <or= 0.0009). Severe ADL limitation was more prevalent in veterans with arthroplasty than in two age-matched US cohorts: 13.4 times in >or=65 years; and 1.2-, 1.6-, and 4-fold in >or=85, 75-84, and 65-74 years. Poorer function and higher comorbidity and utilization in veterans with TKA/THA suggest that this group is appropriate for interventions targeted at improving function and decreasing utilization.
Authors:
Jasvinder A Singh; Jeffrey Sloan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-06-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical rheumatology     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1434-9949     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Rheumatol.     Publication Date:  2009 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-08-05     Completed Date:  2009-10-21     Revised Date:  2013-06-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211469     Medline TA:  Clin Rheumatol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1025-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Rheumatology Section, Medicine Service, VA Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA. Jasvinder.md@gmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Activities of Daily Living*
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Ambulatory Surgical Procedures / utilization
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip / statistics & numerical data*
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee / statistics & numerical data*
Cohort Studies
Comorbidity
Databases, Factual
Female
Health Services / utilization*
Humans
Inpatients / statistics & numerical data
Male
Mental Health Services / utilization
Middle Aged
Midwestern United States / epidemiology
Multivariate Analysis
Prevalence
Primary Health Care / utilization
Risk Factors
Veterans / statistics & numerical data*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1 KL2 RR024151-01/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; KL2 RR024151-01/RR/NCRR NIH HHS
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