Document Detail

High-speed documented experimental gunshot to a skull-brain model and radiologic virtual autopsy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12198345     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The authors documented and evaluated experimental gunshots to a skull-brain model with high-speed photography and subsequent radiographic examination for comparison of the morphologic findings in the model. The artificial skull was a polyurethane ball constructed in layers, with a porous diploe sandwiched between a tabula externa and a tabula interna. The brain itself was simulated with gelatin 10% at 4 degrees C, a material well known in wound ballistics. Gunshots were fired at the model from a distance of 10 m and documented with high-speed photography (up to 50 million frames/sec). Subsequently, a complete examination of the artificial skull was performed, including spiral computed tomography (with two-dimensional and three-dimensional reconstructions) and classic skull autopsy. The high-speed photographs clearly showed the dynamic development of the skull fracture system from an external perspective. The subsequent radiographic examination of the entire head volume created two-dimensional reformations in any plane and three-dimensional reconstructions of the gunshot injury of the polyurethane skull-brain model, especially the wound channel and the fracture system. Thanks to the model and high-speed photographs, the dynamic development of the morphology of a gunshot wound could be documented and studied. The data from computed tomography, using two-dimensional and three-dimensional postprocessing with a perspective view, were very similar to those from classic head autopsy, but derived in a hands-off and nondestructive manner. This examination method leads the way to radiographic digital autopsy or virtual autopsy.
Michael J Thali; Beat P Kneubuehl; Peter Vock; Gabriel v Allmen; Richard Dirnhofer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0195-7910     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Forensic Med Pathol     Publication Date:  2002 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-08-28     Completed Date:  2002-11-13     Revised Date:  2011-02-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8108948     Medline TA:  Am J Forensic Med Pathol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  223-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Berne, Switzerland.
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MeSH Terms
Autopsy / methods
Forensic Medicine / methods
Head Injuries, Penetrating / pathology*,  radiography*
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Imaging, Three-Dimensional
Models, Anatomic*
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Wounds, Gunshot / pathology*,  radiography*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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