Document Detail

High serum leptin is associated with attenuated coronary vasoreactivity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12805399     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Hyperleptinemia, a hallmark of obesity, appears to be a risk factor for coronary artery disease. However, although leptin is a vasoactive hormone, no studies addressing leptin's effect on coronary perfusion have been performed. We examined the association between circulating leptin concentration and coronary vasoreactivity in young obese and nonobese males. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Myocardial blood flow was quantitated in 10 obese men (age 31 +/- 7 years, BMI 34 +/- 2 kg/m(2)) and 10 healthy matched nonobese men (age 33 +/- 8 years, BMI 24 +/- 2 kg/m(2)) using positron emission tomography and O-15-water. The measurements were performed basally and during adenosine infusion (140 micro g/kg per minute). RESULTS: Serum leptin was significantly higher in obese than nonobese subjects (10.3 +/- 5.6 vs. 4.3 +/- 2.5 ng/mL, p < 0.01). Basal myocardial blood flow was not significantly different between obese and nonobese subjects. Adenosine-stimulated flow was blunted in obese (3.2 +/- 0.6 mL/g per minute) when compared with nonobese subjects (4.0 +/- 1.1 mL/g per minute, p < 0.05). Serum leptin concentration was inversely associated with adenosine-stimulated flow in study subjects (r = -0.50, p < 0.05). This association was no longer observed after adjustment for obesity and/or hyperinsulinemia. DISCUSSION: Hyperleptinemia and reduced coronary vasoreactivity occur concomitantly in young obese but otherwise healthy men. Moreover, the adenosine-stimulated myocardial flow is inversely related to prevailing concentration of serum leptin. Although this relationship appears to be explained by obesity and/or hyperinsulinemia, leptin might have a role in regulation of myocardial blood supply.
Jan Sundell; Risto Huupponen; Olli T Raitakari; Pirjo Nuutila; Juhani Knuuti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obesity research     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1071-7323     ISO Abbreviation:  Obes. Res.     Publication Date:  2003 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-06-13     Completed Date:  2004-01-16     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9305691     Medline TA:  Obes Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  776-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, Turku University, Turku, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Adenosine / diagnostic use
Blood Glucose / analysis
Coronary Circulation
Coronary Vessels / physiopathology*
Fatty Acids, Nonesterified / blood
Leptin / blood*
Norepinephrine / blood
Obesity / blood*,  physiopathology*
Tomography, Emission-Computed
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Fatty Acids, Nonesterified; 0/Leptin; 51-41-2/Norepinephrine; 58-61-7/Adenosine

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