Document Detail

High resolution fossil fuel combustion CO2 emission fluxes for the United States.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19708393     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Quantification of fossil fuel CO2 emissions at fine space and time resolution is emerging as a critical need in carbon cycle and climate change research. As atmospheric CO2 measurements expand with the advent of a dedicated remote sensing platform and denser in situ measurements, the ability to close the carbon budget at spatial scales of approximately 100 km2 and daily time scales requires fossil fuel CO2 inventories at commensurate resolution. Additionally, the growing interest in U.S. climate change policy measures are best served by emissions that are tied to the driving processes in space and time. Here we introduce a high resolution data product (the "Vulcan" inventory: that has quantified fossil fuel CO2 emissions for the contiguous U.S. at spatial scales less than 100 km2 and temporal scales as small as hours. This data product completed for the year 2002, includes detail on combustion technology and 48 fuel types through all sectors of the U.S. economy. The Vulcan inventory is built from the decades of local/regional air pollution monitoring and complements these data with census, traffic, and digital road data sets. The Vulcan inventory shows excellent agreement with national-level Department of Energy inventories, despite the different approach taken by the DOE to quantify U.S. fossil fuel CO2 emissions. Comparison to the global 1degree x 1 degree fossil fuel CO2 inventory, used widely by the carbon cycle and climate change community prior to the construction of the Vulcan inventory, highlights the space/time biases inherent in the population-based approach.
Kevin R Gurney; Daniel L Mendoza; Yuyu Zhou; Marc L Fischer; Chris C Miller; Sarath Geethakumar; Stephane de la Rue du Can
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science & technology     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0013-936X     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2009 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-08-27     Completed Date:  2009-09-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0213155     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Technol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  5535-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences/Department of Agronomy, Purdue University, 550 Stadium Mall Drive, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Air Pollutants / chemistry*
Air Pollution
Carbon Dioxide / chemistry*
Environmental Monitoring
Fossil Fuels*
United States
Vehicle Emissions / analysis*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants; 0/Fossil Fuels; 0/Vehicle Emissions; 124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide

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