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High-resolution (1)H NMR investigations of the oxidative consumption of salivary biomolecules by oral rinse peroxides.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22519715     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Background. A multicomponent evaluation of the oxidative consumption of salivary biomolecules by a tooth-whitening oral rinse preparation has been performed using high-resolution proton ((1)H) nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). Methods. Unstimulated human saliva samples (n = 12) were treated with aliquots of the oral rinse tested and 600 MHz (1)H NMR spectra acquired on these samples demonstrated that hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) and/or peroxodisulphate (S(2)O(8) (2-)) present in this product gave rise to the oxidative decarboxylation of the salivary electron-donor pyruvate (to acetate and CO(2)), and also oxidized methionine (a precursor to volatile sulphur compounds responsible for oral malodour), and malodourous trimethylamine to methionine sulphoxide and trimethylamine-N-oxide, respectively (reductions observed in the salivary concentrations of each biomolecular peroxide-scavenging agent were all extremely statistically significant, p < 0.005). Results. Experiments conducted on chemical model systems confirmed the consumption of pyruvate by this product, and also revealed that the amino acids cysteine and methionine were oxidatively transformed to cystine and methionine sulphoxide, respectively. Conclusions. High-field (1)H NMR analysis provides much valuable molecular information regarding the fate of tooth-whitening oxidants in human saliva and permits an assessment of the mechanisms of action of oral healthcare products containing these agents. The biochemical and potential therapeutic significance of the results obtained are discussed.
Authors:
Hubert Chang; Christopher J L Silwood; Edward Lynch; Martin Grootveld
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta odontologica Scandinavica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1502-3850     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370344     Medline TA:  Acta Odontol Scand     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Willesden Green, London , UK.
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