Document Detail


High prevalence of nasal MRSA carriage in slaughterhouse workers in contact with live pigs in The Netherlands.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20141647     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Livestock-associated MRSA has been found in various animals, livestock farmers and retail meat. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and determinants of nasal MRSA carriage in pig slaughterhouse workers. Three large pig slaughterhouses in The Netherlands were studied in 2008 using human and environmental samples. The overall prevalence of nasal MRSA carriage in employees of pig slaughterhouses was 5.6% (14/249) (95% CI 3.4-9.2) and working with live pigs was the single most important factor for being MRSA positive (OR 38.2, P<0.0001). At the start of the day MRSA was only found in environmental samples from the lairages (10/12), whereas at the end of the day MRSA was found in the lairages (11/12), the dirty (5/12) and clean (3/12) areas and green offal (1/3). The MRSA status of the environmental samples correlated well with the MRSA status of humans working in these sections (r=0.75). In conclusion, a high prevalence of nasal MRSA carriage was found in pig-slaughterhouse workers, and working with live pigs is the most important risk factor. Exact transmission routes from animals to humans remain to be elucidated in order to enable application of targeted preventive measures.
Authors:
B A G L Van Cleef; E M Broens; A Voss; X W Huijsdens; L Z?chner; B H B Van Benthem; J A J W Kluytmans; M N Mulders; A W Van De Giessen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-02-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epidemiology and infection     Volume:  138     ISSN:  1469-4409     ISO Abbreviation:  Epidemiol. Infect.     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-29     Completed Date:  2010-04-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703737     Medline TA:  Epidemiol Infect     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  756-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
RIVM National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Centre for Infectious Disease Control Netherlands, 3720 BABilthoven, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abattoirs*
Adult
Aged
Animals
Bacterial Typing Techniques
Carrier State / microbiology*
DNA Fingerprinting
Environmental Microbiology*
Female
Genotype
Humans
Male
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus / classification,  isolation & purification*
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Middle Aged
Netherlands / epidemiology
Nose / microbiology
Prevalence
Staphylococcal Infections / microbiology*
Staphylococcal Protein A / genetics
Swine
Young Adult
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Staphylococcal Protein A

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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