Document Detail

High prevalence of malnutrition and inflammation in undialyzed patients with chronic renal failure in developing countries: a single center experience from eastern India.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17994448     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF), and its prevalence before the initiation of dialysis is poorly characterized in these patients in developing countries. There is a paucity of data on the quantification of malnutrition and inflammation in undialyzed patients of CRF from India. This study analyzed the prevalence and causes of malnutrition in patients with CRF before the initiation of dialysis treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the present study, assessments of nutritional and inflammatory status were carried out in patients with CRF. Serum albumin, body mass index (BMI), triceps skin fold thickness (TST), mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC), and subjective global assessment (SGA) scoring were used for assessment of nutritional parameters. Serum C-reactive protein and serum ferritin level were used to assess the inflammatory state of the patient. RESULTS: Two hundred and three (146 male, 57 female) patients with CRF were included in the study from August 2004 to April 2006. Overall, the prevalence of malnutrition was 65% (131/203). The age of malnourished patients (93 male, 38 female) ranged from 11-82, with mean age of 52 +/- 12.68 years. The mean serum total protein and albumin were also significantly lower in patients with malnutrition in comparison to non malnourished cases (5.50 +/- 0.40 gm/dL vs. 5.74 +/- 0.38 gm/dL; p < 0.05, and 3.18 +/- 0.58 gm/dL vs. 3.68 +/- 0.55 gm/dL; p < 0.05). The C-reactive protein and serum ferritin were significantly elevated in the malnourished group as compared to non-malnourished patients (63% vs. 33%; p < 0.05, and 301.2 +/- 127.1 mg/dL vs. 212.7 +/- 124.9 mg/dL; p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Thus, malnutrition was common in patients with CRF before the commencement of dialysis. These data indicate that an emphasis should be placed on the assessment and prevention or correction of malnutrition in patients with CRF because of its documented adverse effect on the outcome on maintenance dialysis.
Jai Prakash; R Raja; R N Mishra; Rubina Vohra; Naveen Sharma; I A Wani; A Parekh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Renal failure     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0886-022X     ISO Abbreviation:  Ren Fail     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-12     Completed Date:  2008-01-17     Revised Date:  2008-05-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701128     Medline TA:  Ren Fail     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  811-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Nephrology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India.
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MeSH Terms
Developing Countries
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Inflammation / epidemiology*
Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications*
Malnutrition / epidemiology*
Middle Aged
Renal Dialysis

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