Document Detail

High pressure processing effects on fish proteins.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9598189     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Salted pastes of surimi, a myofibrillar concentrate of fish muscle, gel at pressures near 300 MPa. High pressure processing has been thought to induce denaturation and gelation of myofibrillar proteins mainly by disruption of protein intramolecular hydrophobic interactions which subsequently reform intennolecularly. We have shown that pressure-induced surimi gels evidence disulfide bonding as well. Endogenous transglutaminase (TGase) evidently survives the pressure treatment, and subsequent TGase-mediated setting of Alaska pollock surimi pastes at 25 degrees C results in very strong gels as compared to those prepared without prior pressurization. High pressure during freezing or thawing greatly accelerates these operations and can reduce ice crystal size and associated tissue damage. Yet pressure treatment can destabilize proteins which might lower fish quality. Infusion of certain carbohydrates into muscle prior to pressure-assisted freezing/thawing can achieve both baroprotection and cryoprotection of the muscle proteins. Pressure treatment has not proven useful for inactivation of proteolytic enzymes that degrade fish quality.
T C Lanier
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Advances in experimental medicine and biology     Volume:  434     ISSN:  0065-2598     ISO Abbreviation:  Adv. Exp. Med. Biol.     Publication Date:  1998  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-07-28     Completed Date:  1998-07-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0121103     Medline TA:  Adv Exp Med Biol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  45-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Food Science Department, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695-7624, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Dietary Proteins / metabolism*
Endopeptidases / metabolism
Fishes* / metabolism
Food Handling / methods*
Hydrostatic Pressure
Meat / analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Proteins; 0/Gels; EC 3.4.-/Endopeptidases

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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