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High occurrence ofEntamoeba histolyticain the municipalities of Ariquemes and Monte Negro, State of Rondônia, Western Amazonia, Brazil.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23740019     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Introduction: Entamoeba histolytica infections were investigated in residents of the Ariquemes and Monte Negro municipalities in Rondônia State, Brazil. Methods: Stool samples of 216 individuals were processed by the spontaneous sedimentation method and analyzed by microscopy for detection of the E. histolytica/E. dispar complex, followed by the immunoassay method using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-based kit for the E. histolytica stool antigen. Results: E. histolytica/E. dispar cysts were present in 61% (50/82) and 44% (59/134) of the samples from Ariquemes and Monte Negro respectively, with a significant difference in the occurrence of infection between the two populations [p < 0.05; χ2 = 5.2; odds ratio = 2.0 (1.1 - 3.6)]. The E. histolytica antigen detection rate was 36.6% (30/82) for stool samples from Ariquemes, and 19.4% (26/134) for stool taken from the residents of Monte Negro. The rate of the occurrence of amoebiasis was significantly higher in the population from Ariquemes [p < 0.05; χ2 = 7.8; odds ratio = 2.4 (1.2 - 4.7)]. Discussion: Due to the high occurrence of E. histolytica infected residents diagnosed in the region and the unavailability in local clinics of a test to distinguish between the two Entamoeba species, physicians should consider treating E. histolytica/E.dispar infections. Conclusion: The results indicate that E. histolytica infection is highly endemic in the studied areas.
Authors:
Rafael Vital Dos Santos; Jucélia da Silva Nunes; Juliana Almeida de Souza Aranha Camargo; Eliana Maria Maurício da Rocha; Gilberto Fontes; Luís Marcelo Aranha Camargo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo     Volume:  55     ISSN:  1678-9946     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7507484     Medline TA:  Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
I, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Maceió,AL, Brazil.
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