Document Detail

High and low negative pressure suction techniques in EUS-guided fine-needle tissue acquisition by using 25-gauge needles: a multicenter, prospective, randomized, controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24890422     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: EUS-guided FNA (EUS-FNA) has a high diagnostic accuracy for pancreatic diseases. However, although most reports have typically focused on cytology, histological tissue quality has rarely been investigated. The effectiveness of EUS-FNA combined with high negative pressure (HNP) suction was recently indicated for tissue acquisition, but has not thus far been tested in a prospective, randomized clinical trial.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the adequacy of EUS-FNA with HNP for the histological diagnosis of pancreatic lesions by using 25-gauge needles.
DESIGN: Prospective, single-blind, randomized, controlled crossover trial.
SETTING: Seven tertiary referral centers.
PATIENTS: Patients referred for EUS-FNA of pancreatic solid lesions. From July 2011 to April 2012, 90 patients underwent EUS-FNA of pancreatic solid masses by using normal negative pressure (NNP) and HNP with 2 respective passes. The order of the passes was randomized, and the sample adequacy, quality, and histology were evaluated by a single expert pathologist.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: The adequacy of tissue acquisition and the accuracy of histological diagnoses made by using the EUS-FNA technique with HNP.
RESULTS: We found that 72.2% (65/90) and 90% (81/90) of the specimens obtained using NNP and HNP, respectively, were adequate for histological diagnosis (P = .0003, McNemar test). For 73.3% (66/90) and 82.2% (74/90) of the specimens obtained by using NNP and HNP, respectively, an accurate diagnosis was achieved (P = .06, McNemar test). Pancreatitis developed in 1 patient after this procedure, which subsided with conservative therapy.
LIMITATIONS: This was a single-blinded, crossover study.
CONCLUSION: Biopsy procedures that combine the EUS-FNA with HNP techniques are superior to EUS-FNA with NNP procedures for tissue acquisition. (Clinical trial registration number: UMIN000005939.).
Taiki Kudo; Hiroshi Kawakami; Tsuyoshi Hayashi; Ichiro Yasuda; Tsuyoshi Mukai; Hiroyuki Inoue; Akio Katanuma; Kazumichi Kawakubo; Hirotoshi Ishiwatari; Shinpei Doi; Reiko Yamada; Hiroyuki Maguchi; Hiroyuki Isayama; Tomoko Mitsuhashi; Naoya Sakamoto;
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gastrointestinal endoscopy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6779     ISO Abbreviation:  Gastrointest. Endosc.     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0010505     Medline TA:  Gastrointest Endosc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
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