Document Detail


High levels of organochlorines in mothers' milk from Chennai (Madras) city, India.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17336366     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Mothers' milk from Chennai (formerly Madras), India and three other places Perungudi, the municipal dumping site of south Chennai area (situated at the suburb of Chennai), Chidambaram, a predominantly agricultural town situated 250 km south of Chennai and Parangipettai, a fishing village 15 km north of Chidambaram, all situated at or near the southeastern Bay of Bengal coast of India were found to contain measurable concentrations of HCHs, DDTs, PCBs, CHLs and HCB. A notable finding in this study is that Chennai mothers have higher levels of HCHs in their milk and hence may transfer considerably higher amounts of the chemical than the mothers from all the other three places of the present study indicating a higher health risk to Chennai's children. It was also found that the levels of the two organochlorine pesticides (HCHs and DDTs) increased in Chennai mothers' milk in the last decade. Food items collected from Chennai markets did not show any remarkably higher levels of any of the chemicals measured in this study. Levels of the two classical organochlorines (DDTs and HCHs) have declined in many of the food items when compared with our data collected two decades before in the same locations, showing the effectiveness of the recent ban on both these chemicals in the country. The sources, possible health risks and the ways to curtail the effects of HCHs, especially at Chennai, should be investigated further.
Authors:
Annamalai Subramanian; Masako Ohtake; Tatsuya Kunisue; Shinsuke Tanabe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-03-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chemosphere     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0045-6535     ISO Abbreviation:  Chemosphere     Publication Date:  2007 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-04-24     Completed Date:  2007-07-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0320657     Medline TA:  Chemosphere     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  928-39     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Center for Marine Environmental Studies (CMES), Ehime University, Bunkyo-cho 2-5, Matsuyama 790-8577, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
DDT / analysis,  chemistry
Female
Geography
Hexachlorobenzene / analysis,  chemistry
Humans
Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated / analysis*,  chemistry
India
Lindane / analysis,  chemistry
Milk, Human / chemistry*
Mothers
Polychlorinated Biphenyls / analysis,  chemistry
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated; 0/Polychlorinated Biphenyls; 118-74-1/Hexachlorobenzene; 50-29-3/DDT; 58-89-9/Lindane

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