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High-level expression and immunogenicity of a porcine circovirus type 2 capsid protein through codon optimization in Pichia pastoris.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23143467     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) capsid protein (Cap) is an important antigen for the development of vaccines. To achieve high-level expression of recombinant PCV2 Cap in Pichia pastoris, the wild-type Cap (wt-Cap) and optimized Cap (opti-Cap) gene fragments encoding the same amino acid sequence of PCV2 were amplified by PCR using DNA from lymph nodes of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome-suffered pigs and synthesized based on the codon bias of the methylotrophic yeast P. pastoris, respectively. The wt-Cap and opti-Cap gene fragments were inserted into the site between EcoRI and NotI sites in pPIC9K, which was under the control of the alcohol oxidase 1 (AOX1) promoter and α-mating factor signal sequence from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The recombinant plasmids, designated as pPIC9K-wt-Cap and pPIC9K-opti-Cap, were linearized using SacI and transformed into P. pastoris GS115 by electroporation. The expressed intracellular soluble opti-Cap reached 174 μg/mL without concentration in a shake flask and kept good reactivity to PCV2-specific positive sera, whereas the wt-Cap could not be detectable throughout three times electroporation. Strong specific PCV2-Cap antibodies were elicited from piglets immunized with vaccine based on opti-Cap. To the best of our knowledge, the achieved opti-Cap yield is the highest ever reported. Our results demonstrated that codon optimization play an important role on the high-level expression of a codon-optimized PCV2-Cap gene in P. pastoris, and the vaccine based on opti-Cap may be a potential subunit vaccine candidate.
Authors:
Yabin Tu; Yanqun Wang; Gang Wang; Jianan Wu; Yonggang Liu; Shujie Wang; Chenggang Jiang; Xuehui Cai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied microbiology and biotechnology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-0614     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8406612     Medline TA:  Appl Microbiol Biotechnol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology, Harbin Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Harbin, China.
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