Document Detail

High-intensity warm-ups elicit superior performance to a current soccer warm-up routine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21907619     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Objectives: This study investigated the acute effects of a currently implemented team-sport warm-up and two alternative, high-intensity, short-duration protocols - 5 repetition maximum leg press and small-sided games. Design: Ten male soccer players participated in a randomised, cross-over study. Methods: Participants performed a team-sport, a leg-press, or a small-sided game warm-up. Subsequent performance tests included counter-movement jump, reactive agility, and 15×20m sprints embedded in an intermittent exercise task. Physiological measures included core temperature, blood lactate concentration, heart rate and rating of perceived exertion. Data were analysed using the effect size statistic with 90% confidence intervals, and percentage change, to determine magnitude of effects. Results: Counter-movement jump height improved following the small-sided game (6%, ES: 0.8±0.8) and leg-press warm-up (2%, ES: 0.3±0.5), but not after the team-sport warm-up ('unclear' effect). Reactive agility improved after the small-sided game (4%, ES: 0.8±0.7) and leg-press warm-ups only (5%, ES: 1.1±0.7), when compared to baseline. Mean 20-m sprint times during the intermittent exercise task improved following the leg-press warm-up, when compared with the small-sided game (9%, ES: 0.9±0.3) and team-sport warm-ups (7%, ES: 0.6±0.6). Core temperature was lower following the leg-press warm-up compared to small-sided game (1%, ES: 0.9±0.7) and the team-sport WUs (2%, ES: 2.4±0.8). Blood lactate was highest following the small-sided game (67%, ES: 2.7±0.8) and team-sport warm-ups (66%, ES: 2.9±0.9). Conclusions: A leg-press and small-sided game warm-up may improve acute team-sport performance tests when compared to a traditional warm-up protocol.
James Zois; David J Bishop; Kevin Ball; Robert J Aughey
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of science and medicine in sport / Sports Medicine Australia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1878-1861     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9812598     Medline TA:  J Sci Med Sport     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
School of Sport and Exercise Science, Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Learning (ISEAL), Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.
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