Document Detail


High incidence of bites and stings by snakes and other animals among rubber tappers and Amazonian Indians of the Juruá Valley, Acre State, Brazil.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8711756     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Among forest-dwelling Amazonian Indians and rubber tappers (seringueiros) of the Juruá valley in Acre State, north-western Brazil, snakebite is an important cause of morbidity and death. Overall, 13% of a surveyed population had been bitten during their lifetime. Seventeen per cent of Katukina Indians, but only 8% of Ashaninkas, had been bitten by snakes reflecting, perhaps, different levels of traditional knowledge of the forest and its dangers. Most bites occurred in the jungle or on jungle trails (56%), while people were working (41%) or walking (26%), and were inflicted on the feet (54%). Ninety per cent of bite victims received treatment, usually traditional (93%); the majority (80%) recovered fully. Mortality was estimated at about 400 deaths per 100,000 population per lifetime. Bites and stings from other venomous forest and river animals, especially the freshwater sting ray (Potamotrygon sp.), were also extremely common. One death from an ant bite was recorded.
Authors:
S V Pierini; D A Warrell; A de Paulo; R D Theakston
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0041-0101     ISO Abbreviation:  Toxicon     Publication Date:  1996 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-09-12     Completed Date:  1996-09-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1307333     Medline TA:  Toxicon     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  225-36     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre for Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Ants
Bites and Stings / epidemiology
Brazil / epidemiology
Female
Humans
Indians, South American*
Male
Occupational Diseases / epidemiology*
Pregnancy
Prevalence
Rubber
Snake Bites / epidemiology*,  therapy
Snake Venoms / immunology
Snakes
Survival Rate
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Snake Venoms; 9006-04-6/Rubber

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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