Document Detail

High-fructose corn syrup: is this what's for dinner?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19064537     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Research on trends in consumption of added sugar and high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) in the United States has largely focused on calorically sweetened beverages and ignored other sources.
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine US consumption of added sugar and HFCS to determine long-term trends in availability and intake from beverages and foods.
DESIGN: We used 2 estimation techniques and data from the Nationwide Food Consumption Surveys (1965 and 1977), Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals (1989-1991), and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (1999-2000, 2001-2002, and 2003-2004) to examine trends in HFCS and added sugar both overall and within certain food and beverage groups.
RESULTS: Availability and consumption of HFCS and added sugar increased over time until a slight decline between 2000 and 2004. By 2004, HFCS provided roughly 8% of total energy intake compared with total added sugar of 377 kcal x person(-1) x d(-1), accounting for 17% of total energy intake. Although food and beverage trends were similar, soft drinks and fruit drinks provided the most HFCS (158 and 40 kcal x person(-1) x d(-1) in 2004, respectively). Moreover, among the top 20% of individuals, 896 kcal x person(-1) x d(-1) of added sugar was consumed compared with 505 kcal x person(-1) x d(-1) of HFCS. Among consumers, sweetened tea and desserts also represented major contributors of calories from added sugar (>100 kcal x person(-1) x d(-1)).
CONCLUSION: Although increased intake of calories from HFCS is important to examine, the health effect of overall trends in added caloric sweeteners should not be overlooked.
Kiyah J Duffey; Barry M Popkin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  88     ISSN:  1938-3207     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2008 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-09     Completed Date:  2009-01-13     Revised Date:  2014-09-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1722S-1732S     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Diet / trends*
Dietary Sucrose / administration & dosage
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Energy Intake / physiology*
Food Analysis
Food Habits
Food Supply / statistics & numerical data
Fructose / administration & dosage*,  adverse effects,  metabolism
Nutrition Surveys
Obesity / chemically induced,  epidemiology*
Sweetening Agents / administration & dosage*,  adverse effects,  metabolism
United States
Grant Support
K01 HD044263/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; K01 HD044263-05/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; P30 DK056350/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-08/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 ES010126/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; P30 ES010126-03/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; R01 AA012162/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 AA012162-07/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 CA109831/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R01 CA109831-05/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R01 CA121152/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R01 CA121152-04/CA/NCI NIH HHS
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Sucrose; 0/Sweetening Agents; 30237-26-4/Fructose

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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