Document Detail


High-fat diet induces emergence of brown-like adipocytes in white adipose tissue of spontaneously hypertensive rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22129518     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Obesity has a profound adverse impact on health. In this study, we present evidence for high-fat diet (HFD)-induced emergence of brown-like adipocytes in white adipose tissue (WAT) of the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). We studied adult males fed a HFD or normal diet (ND) for 12 weeks. At the end of the 12-week dietary intervention, HFD compared with ND rats showed significantly higher whole-body energy expenditure. HFD vs. ND rats also showed higher expression of genes involved in fatty acid oxidation, mitochondrial biogenesis and brown fat adipogenesis, as well as augmented mitochondrial mass in WAT but not in the liver or skeletal muscle. Consistent with the molecular changes, in HFD but not in ND rats, histological and immunohistochemistry-based analyses of WAT demonstrated the presence of small multilocular cells staining positively for uncoupling protein 1, indicating the emergence of brown-like adipocytes in WAT. Our results suggest that SHR may have the capacity to increase energy expenditure in response to a chronic HFD that may be linked to the emergence of brown-like adipocytes in WAT. Thus, the SHR may be an important genetic model to uncover novel mechanisms of resistance to dietary obesity.Hypertension Research advance online publication, 1 December 2011; doi:10.1038/hr.2011.188.
Authors:
Silvie Hojna; Melissa D Jordan; Helen Kollias; Zdenka Pausova
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1348-4214     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9307690     Medline TA:  Hypertens Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Brain and Body Centre, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.
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