Document Detail


High dietary supplement intakes among Flemish preschoolers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20043963     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dietary supplement use among Flemish preschoolers and to investigate associations between dietary supplement use and socio-economic variables of the parents. Parentally reported 3-day estimated dietary records (n=696) were used to calculate mean daily nutrient intakes, using Software for Intake Distribution Estimation (Cside). Socio-demographic information and frequency of dietary supplement use were collected via parental questionnaires, including a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) (n=1847). The results from the FFQ revealed that more than 30% of the children used dietary supplements in the past month. Children of more highly educated parents and children of non-smokers were significantly more likely to use supplements than their counterparts. The types most frequently used were multi-vitamin/mineral supplements. Except for vitamin D, mean dietary intakes derived from foods alone was higher than the minimum recommendations for both supplement and non-supplement users. The youngest group of supplement users even exceeded the tolerable upper intake level for zinc (7 mg). However, for vitamin D, dietary supplements could help meet dietary recommendations for this micronutrient. In conclusion, the results indicated that dietary supplement use by healthy children who typically achieve their micronutrient requirements by foods alone could cause excessive intakes. Future studies should investigate potential harms and benefits of dietary supplementation use among preschoolers.
Authors:
Inge Huybrechts; Lea Maes; Carine Vereecken; Willem De Keyzer; Dirk De Bacquer; Guy De Backer; Stefaan De Henauw
Related Documents :
14657833 - Association between folic acid food fortification and congenital orofacial clefts.
24231313 - Lethal and sublethal toxicity of the industrial chemical epichlorohydrin on rhinella ar...
11165213 - Can rhesus monkeys spontaneously subtract?
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-01-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Appetite     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1095-8304     ISO Abbreviation:  Appetite     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-01     Completed Date:  2010-05-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006808     Medline TA:  Appetite     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  340-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Public Health, Ghent University, University Hospital 2BlokA, De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Gent, Belgium. inge.huybrechts@ugent.be
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Belgium
Child
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / drug effects,  physiology*
Child, Preschool
Cluster Analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet*
Diet Records
Dietary Supplements / adverse effects,  statistics & numerical data*,  utilization
Female
Humans
Male
Minerals / administration & dosage*
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Requirements
Questionnaires
Socioeconomic Factors
Vitamins / administration & dosage*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Minerals; 0/Vitamins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Endocytic uptake of a large array of HPMA copolymers: Elucidation into the dependence on the physico...
Next Document:  Confirmatory factor analysis of the Child Feeding Questionnaire among low-income African American fa...