Document Detail

High dietary supplement intakes among Flemish preschoolers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20043963     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dietary supplement use among Flemish preschoolers and to investigate associations between dietary supplement use and socio-economic variables of the parents. Parentally reported 3-day estimated dietary records (n=696) were used to calculate mean daily nutrient intakes, using Software for Intake Distribution Estimation (Cside). Socio-demographic information and frequency of dietary supplement use were collected via parental questionnaires, including a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) (n=1847). The results from the FFQ revealed that more than 30% of the children used dietary supplements in the past month. Children of more highly educated parents and children of non-smokers were significantly more likely to use supplements than their counterparts. The types most frequently used were multi-vitamin/mineral supplements. Except for vitamin D, mean dietary intakes derived from foods alone was higher than the minimum recommendations for both supplement and non-supplement users. The youngest group of supplement users even exceeded the tolerable upper intake level for zinc (7 mg). However, for vitamin D, dietary supplements could help meet dietary recommendations for this micronutrient. In conclusion, the results indicated that dietary supplement use by healthy children who typically achieve their micronutrient requirements by foods alone could cause excessive intakes. Future studies should investigate potential harms and benefits of dietary supplementation use among preschoolers.
Inge Huybrechts; Lea Maes; Carine Vereecken; Willem De Keyzer; Dirk De Bacquer; Guy De Backer; Stefaan De Henauw
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-01-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Appetite     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1095-8304     ISO Abbreviation:  Appetite     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-01     Completed Date:  2010-05-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006808     Medline TA:  Appetite     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  340-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Public Health, Ghent University, University Hospital 2BlokA, De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Gent, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / drug effects,  physiology*
Child, Preschool
Cluster Analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet Records
Dietary Supplements / adverse effects,  statistics & numerical data*,  utilization
Minerals / administration & dosage*
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Requirements
Socioeconomic Factors
Vitamins / administration & dosage*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Minerals; 0/Vitamins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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