Document Detail

High content analysis of histone acetylation in human cells and tissues.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20817035     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
There is increasing demand for automated image analysis of cell nuclei to be fast, objective and informative. Here, we have developed a high content analysis method for quantifying histone acetylation within any given population of cells. To demonstrate the utility of this method we quantified the effect of valproic acid (VPA) on histone H3 acetylation levels in SK-N-SH cells, a human neuroblastomal cell line. VPA, commonly used for treatment of bipolar disorder and epilepsy, has also been shown to act as a histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi), and to maintain the N-terminals of susceptible histones in an acetylated and transcriptionally active state. The Discovery-1™ (Molecular Devices) platform was used for automated image acquisition of immunolabelled cells. Multiple parameters of labelled nuclei were analysed in 1.82 s per image using the built-in count nuclei assay from MetaMorph™ (Molecular Devices) image analysis software. Data were presented in two forms: summary graphs or heterogeneity profiles using frequency distributions within GraphPad Prism (SmartDrawNet). Results showed that VPA increased histone H3 acetylation in a concentration- and time-dependent manner in SK-N-SH cells. The same analysis was shown to accurately quantify histone acetylation changes in human tissue sections also. Trichostatin A, a known HDACi was used to validate VPA action. Western blotting was used to validate the specificity of the antibodies. Overall these data demonstrate that this novel method for quantifying average treatment effects and the heterogeneity within any given population of cells, is fast, reproducible and can be applied to many different cellular contexts (immunocyto- and immunohisto-chemistry).
Pritika J Narayan; Michael Dragunow
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-09-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neuroscience methods     Volume:  193     ISSN:  1872-678X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurosci. Methods     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-11     Completed Date:  2011-01-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7905558     Medline TA:  J Neurosci Methods     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  54-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
National Research Centre for Growth and Development, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
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MeSH Terms
Acetylation / drug effects
Analysis of Variance
Blotting, Western
Brain / metabolism
Cell Count
Cell Line, Tumor
Cell Nucleus / metabolism
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors / pharmacology
Histones / analysis*,  metabolism*
Immunohistochemistry / methods*
Time Factors
Valproic Acid / pharmacology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors; 0/Histones; 99-66-1/Valproic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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