Document Detail


High calorie, low nutrient food/beverage intake and video gaming in children as potential signals for addictive behavior.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22408581     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Little is known about the co-occurrence of health risk behaviors in childhood that may signal later addictive behavior. Using a survey, this study evaluated high calorie, low nutrient HCLN intake and video gaming behaviors in 964 fourth grade children over 18 months, with stress, sensation-seeking, inhibitory control, grades, perceived safety of environment, and demographic variables as predictors. SEM and growth curve analyses supported a co-occurrence model with some support for addiction specificity. Male gender, free/reduced lunch, low perceived safety and low inhibitory control independently predicted both gaming and HCLN intake. Ethnicity and low stress predicted HCLN. The findings raise questions about whether living in some impoverished neighborhoods may contribute to social isolation characterized by staying indoors, and HCLN intake and video gaming as compensatory behaviors. Future prevention programs could include skills training for inhibitory control, combined with changes in the built environment that increase safety, e.g., implementing Safe Routes to School Programs.
Authors:
Mary Ann Pentz; Donna Spruijt-Metz; Chih Ping Chou; Nathaniel R Riggs
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2011-11-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of environmental research and public health     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1660-4601     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Environ Res Public Health     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-12     Completed Date:  2012-06-19     Revised Date:  2013-06-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101238455     Medline TA:  Int J Environ Res Public Health     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4406-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Preventive Medicine, Institute for Prevention Research, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA. pentz@usc.edu
Data Bank Information
Bank Name/Acc. No.:
ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT00787709
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Psychological
Behavior, Addictive*
Beverages*
Child
Child Behavior*
Energy Intake*
Female
Food*
Humans
Male
Video Games*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DA-027226/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; HD-052107/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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