Document Detail

High calcium enhances calcium oxalate crystal binding capacity of renal tubular cells via increased surface annexin A1, but impairs their proliferation and healing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22640262     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Hypercalciuria is associated with kidney stone formation and impaired renal function. However, responses of renal tubular cells upon exposure to high-calcium environment remain largely unknown. We thus performed a proteomic analysis of altered proteins in renal tubular cells induced by high-calcium and evaluated functional significance of these changes. MDCK cells were maintained with or without 20mM CaCl2 for 72-h. Cellular proteins were then analyzed by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) (n=5 gels derived from 5 independent culture flasks per group). Spot matching and quantitative intensity analysis revealed 20 protein spots (from a total of 700) that were differentially expressed between the two groups. These altered proteins were then identified by Q-TOF MS and MS/MS analyses, including those involved in calcium binding, protein synthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, lipid metabolism, cell proliferation, mitosis regulation, apoptosis, cell migration, oxidative stress, and ion transport. Protein network analysis and functional validation revealed that high-calcium-exposed cells had 36.5% increase in calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) crystal-binding capacity. This functional change was consistent to the expression data in which annexin A1 (ANXA1), a membrane-associated calcium-binding protein, was markedly increased on the apical surface of high-calcium-exposed cells. Pretreatment with anti-ANXA1 antibody could neutralize this increasing crystal-binding capacity. Moreover, high-calcium exposure caused defects in cell proliferation and wound healing. These expression and functional data demonstrate the enhanced crystal-binding capacity but impaired cell proliferation and wound healing in renal tubular cells induced by high-calcium. Taken together, these phenomena may contribute, at least in part, to the pathogenic mechanisms of hypercalciuria-induced nephrolithiasis and impaired renal function. Our in vitro study offers several candidates for further targeted functional studies to confirm their relevance in hypercalciuria and kidney stone disease in vivo.
Somchai Chutipongtanate; Kedsarin Fong-Ngern; Paleerath Peerapen; Visith Thongboonkerd
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of proteome research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1535-3907     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101128775     Medline TA:  J Proteome Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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