Document Detail

High anti-cytomegalovirus (CMV) IgG antibody titer is associated with coronary artery disease and may predict post-coronary balloon angioplasty restenosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9555776     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Recent studies have demonstrated that cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA was found in atherosclerotic coronary arteries in restenotic lesions, and prior infection with CMV could be a strong independent risk factor for restenosis after coronary atherectomy. We studied the correlation between anti-CMV antibody titer and coronary artery disease. Sixty-five patients (50 men and 15 women) with coronary artery disease were enrolled prospectively. All had symptomatic coronary artery disease with an angiographic documentation of a de novo single coronary lesion. All underwent balloon coronary angioplasty and were followed for 12 months with a thallium perfusion scan 3 months after angioplasty. Patients who had recurrent chest pain and/or a positive thallium scan had another coronary angiography. Blood samples were taken before angiography and 1 and 3 months later. Patients with high anti-CMV titer > or = 1:800 had a higher prevalence of coronary artery disease (p <0.001) than seropositive patients with a lower antibody titer (< or = 1:400); patients with high antibody titer (> or = 1:800) had a higher restenosis rate than seropositive patients with a low antibody titer (< or = 1:400) (p <0.05). High antibody titers against CMV (IgG) may be a strong marker for coronary artery disease, and might predict post-coronary angioplasty restenosis. These findings support the infectious theory of atherosclerosis (especially with prior CMV infection), and also suggest that a chronic immunologic response has a role in atherosclerosis and restenosis.
A Blum; M Giladi; M Weinberg; G Kaplan; H Pasternack; S Laniado; H Miller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  81     ISSN:  0002-9149     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1998 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-05-05     Completed Date:  1998-05-05     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  866-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Cardiology Department, Tel-Aviv Medical Center, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary*
Antibodies, Viral / analysis*
Coronary Artery Disease / epidemiology,  therapy*,  virology*
Coronary Disease / epidemiology,  therapy,  virology
Cytomegalovirus / immunology*
Cytomegalovirus Infections / diagnosis*
Immunoglobulin G / analysis*
Middle Aged
Predictive Value of Tests
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antibodies, Viral; 0/Immunoglobulin G

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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