Document Detail

High altitude-induced changes in alpha1-adrenergic receptors and Ins(1,4,5)P3 responses in cerebral arteries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9124493     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In response to high-altitude long-term hypoxemia, the cerebral arteries of fetal and adult sheep show decreased contractile responses to norepinephrine (NE) and other agonists. To test the hypothesis that hypoxia-induced developmental and vessel specific cerebral artery contractility changes are mediated, in part, by changes in alpha1-adrenergic receptor (alpha1-AR) density and/or NE-induced inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate [Ins(1,4,5)P3] responses, we performed the following study. In common carotid (Com) and main branch cerebral (MBC) arteries from normoxic adult ewes and near-term fetuses and those acclimatized to high altitude (3,820 m), we quantified alpha1-AR density (maximal binding in fmol/mg protein) and affinity (dissociation constant in nM) with the alpha1-AR antagonist [3H]prazosin. In addition, we quantified NE-induced Ins(1,4,5)P3 responses in these arteries. With long-term hypoxemia, alpha1-AR density in fetal and adult Com decreased 75% (from 113 +/- 18 to 28 +/- 5 fmol/mg protein) and 66% (from 54 +/- 3 to 18 +/- 4 fmol/mg protein), respectively, from normoxic control values. alpha1-AR density of the fetal and adult MBC decreased 76% (from 47 +/- 4 to 11 +/- 1 fmol/mg protein) and 61% (from 23 +/- 3 to 9 +/- 3 fmol/mg protein), respectively, from controls. In hypoxemic adult Com, the NE-induced Ins(1,4,5)P3 response decreased 51% (from 309 +/- 38 to 151 +/- 24%) from the control value. In fetal and adult MBC, long-term hypoxemia was associated with decreases of 35% (from 345 +/- 40 to 225 +/- 30%) and 44% (from 355 +/- 55 to 199 +/- 16%), respectively, from control values. We conclude that in the adult Com and MBC vessels, acclimatization to high-altitude, long-term hypoxemia was associated with significant decreases in both alpha1-AR density values and Ins(1,4,5)P3 responses to NE. Similarly, in the fetal MBC arteries, high-altitude hypoxemia was associated with marked attenuation of both alpha1-AR density and NE-induced Ins(1,4,5)P3 responses. The magnitude of decreases in NE-induced Ins(1,4,5)P3 responses in these vessels correlated fairly well with the decreases in alpha1-AR density. These findings suggest that changes in noradrenergic receptor-second messenger coupling may play a role in altered cerebrovascular tone in association with high-altitude acclimatization and other forms of long-term hypoxia in both fetus and adult.
N Ueno; Y Zhao; L Zhang; L D Longo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  272     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1997 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-22     Completed Date:  1997-04-22     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  R669-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physiology, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, California 92350, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists / metabolism
Aging / metabolism
Anoxia / metabolism
Cerebral Arteries / drug effects*,  embryology,  metabolism*
Fetus / metabolism
Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate / pharmacology*
Norepinephrine / pharmacology
Prazosin / metabolism
Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha / metabolism*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists; 0/Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha; 19216-56-9/Prazosin; 51-41-2/Norepinephrine; 85166-31-0/Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate

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