Document Detail

High activity of acid-treated quail eggshell catalysts in the transesterification of palm oil with methanol.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20621469     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The transesterification of palm oil with methanol was investigated over calcium oxide catalysts prepared by calcining eggshells of quail and chicken. Compared to chicken eggshell, the palisade layer of quail eggshell had more closely dispersed micron-sized pores. Following treatment with 0.005M HCl solution for 2h to remove its dense cuticle layer and subsequent calcination above 800 degrees C, the quail eggshell had a large amount of strong basic sites and showed high catalytic activity comparable to that of potassium methoxide in the transesterification. The acid-treated, quail eggshell catalyst steadily maintained high conversions of over 98% during repeated fivefold usage at 65 degrees C with a reactant composed of methanol/oil (as mol)=12/1 and oil/catalyst (as g)=2/0.03.
Yung Bok Cho; Gon Seo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioresource technology     Volume:  101     ISSN:  1873-2976     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioresour. Technol.     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-02     Completed Date:  2011-01-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9889523     Medline TA:  Bioresour Technol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  8515-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Applied Chemical Engineering and the Research Institute for Catalysis, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Egg Shell / chemistry*
Hydrochloric Acid / chemistry*
Methanol / chemistry*
Plant Oils / chemistry*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biofuels; 0/Plant Oils; 67-56-1/Methanol; 7647-01-0/Hydrochloric Acid; 8002-75-3/palm oil

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