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High Salivary Estrogen and Risk of Developing Pregnancy Gingivitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23237582     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: Estrogen regulates the cellular functions of several tissues that may disturb the host response against bacteria. The present aim was to evaluate the contribution of estrogen on the severity of gingival inflammation during pregnancy. Methods: Salivary estrogen levels from 30 pregnant and 24 non-pregnant women were related to their periodontal health parameters, including visible plaque index (VPI) and bleeding on probing (BOP) from six sites per tooth. The pregnant group had been examined three times during pregnancy and twice during post-partum, and the non-pregnant group three times, once per subsequent month. Results: Salivary estrogen levels increased significantly during the second (p<0.01) and third (p<0.05) trimesters. In both subject groups, BOP scores correlated significantly with VPI scores (r: 0.498-0.870), but not with estrogen levels. In all trimesters and post-partum, the subjects with both high estrogen and high VPI levels had the highest frequency of pregnancy gingivitis. During the second and third trimesters, simultaneously enhanced estrogen levels and VPI scores brought an additional risk of developing gingivitis in comparison to a high VPI score alone. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that, during pregnancy, the estrogen level determines the magnitude of gingival inflammation developed against microbial plaque at gingival margin.
Authors:
Mervi Gürsoy; Ulvi Kahraman Gürsoy; Timo Sorsa; Riitta Pajukanta; Eija Könönen
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of periodontology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1943-3670     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Periodontol.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8000345     Medline TA:  J Periodontol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Periodontology, Institute of Dentistry, University of Turku, FI-20520, Turku, Finland.
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