Document Detail


High Resolution Emission and Transmission Imaging Using the Same Detector.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24319339     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We demonstrate the capability of one detector, the Micro-Angiographic Fluoroscope (MAF) detector, to image for two types of applications: nuclear medicine imaging and radiography. The MAF has 1024 × 1024 pixels with an effective pixel size of 35 microns and is capable of real-time imaging at 30 fps. It has a CCD camera coupled by a fiber-optic taper to a light image intensifier (LII) viewing a 300-micron thick CsI phosphor. The large variable gain of the LII provides quantum-limited operation with little additive instrumentation noise and enables operation in both energy-integrating (EI) and sensitive low-exposure single photon counting (SPC) modes. We used the EI mode to take a radiograph, and the SPC mode to image a custom phantom filled with 1 mCi of I-125. The phantom is made of hot rods with diameters ranging from 0.9 mm to 2.3 mm. A 1 mm diameter parallel hole, medium energy gamma camera collimator was placed between the phantom and the MAF and was moved multiple times at equal intervals in random directions to eliminate the grid pattern corresponding to the collimator septa. Data was acquired at 20 fps. Two algorithms to localize the events were used: 1) simple threshold and 2) a weighted centroid method. Although all the hot rods could be clearly identified, the image generated with the simple threshold method shows more blurring than that with the weighted centroid method. With the diffuse cluster of pixels from each single detection event localized to a single pixel, the weighted centroid method shows improved spatial resolution. A radiograph of the phantom was taken with the same MAF in EI mode without the collimator. It shows clear structural details of the rods. Compared to the radiograph, the sharpness of the emission image is limited by the collimator resolution and could be improved by optimized collimator design. This study demonstrated that the same MAF detector can be used in both radioisotope and x-ray imaging, combining the benefits of each.
Authors:
Ashish S Panse; A Jain; W Wang; R Yao; D R Bednarek; S Rudin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium conference record. Nuclear Science Symposium     Volume:  2010     ISSN:  1095-7863     ISO Abbreviation:  IEEE Nucl Sci Symp Conf Rec (1997)     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101492453     Medline TA:  IEEE Nucl Sci Symp Conf Rec (1997)     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Medical Physics program at the University at Buffalo (SUNY). ( aspanse@buffalo.edu ).
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Descriptor/Qualifier:
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 EB002873-05/EB/NIBIB NIH HHS; R01 EB008425-04/EB/NIBIB NIH HHS

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