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High Rates of Resolution of Cholestasis in Parenteral Nutrition-Associated Liver Disease with Fish Oil-Based Lipid Emulsion Monotherapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23164314     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors leading to resolution of cholestasis in patients with parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease treated with fish oil-based lipid emulsion (FOLE). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study of 57 infants <6 months of age with parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease who received parenteral FOLE as monotherapy. RESULTS: Median gestational age of subjects at birth was 28 weeks (range 22.7-39.5). Median conjugated bilirubin level at initiation of therapy with FOLE was 7.5 mg/dL (range 2.1-25). Resolution of hyperbilirubinemia (conjugated bilirubin <2.0 mg/dL) and survival to hospital discharge occurred in 47 (82.5%) infants. Median number of days to resolution of cholestasis was 35 (range 7-129). Ten infants (17.5%) died. Non-survivors showed a trend towards being more premature than survivors at birth (25.9 vs 29.1 weeks, P = .056). Infants with higher conjugated bilirubin at initiation of therapy (>10.0 compared with <5.0 mg/dL) had longer times to resolution (98 vs 56 days, P < .005). Time to resolution correlated inversely with gestational age at birth (r(2) = 0.14, P = .02) and directly with time to receive 100% calories enterally (r(2) = 0.12, P = .03). CONCLUSIONS: Younger gestational age infants demonstrated higher degree of cholestasis, longer time to resolution of cholestasis, and increased mortality. Higher levels of cholestasis were associated with longer time to resolution. FOLE monotherapy led to resolution of cholestasis in all surviving infants.
Authors:
Muralidhar H Premkumar; Beth A Carter; Keli M Hawthorne; Kristi King; Steven A Abrams
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of pediatrics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6833     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375410     Medline TA:  J Pediatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX. Electronic address: premkuma@bcm.edu.
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