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High Plasma Human Atrial Natriuretic Peptide and Reduced Transthoracic Left Atrial Appendage Wall-Motion Velocity Are Noninvasive Surrogate Markers for Assessing Thrombogenesis in Patients with Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24373054     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The clinical relevance of examining human atrial natriuretic peptide (HANP) or left atrial appendage (LAA) wall-motion velocity during sinus rhythm in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) patients has not been clearly elucidated.
METHODS: The subjects were 38 patients with paroxysmal AF who underwent transesophageal and transthoracic echocardiography during sinus rhythm. The presence of spontaneous echocontrast (SEC) was examined with transesophageal echocardiography and LAA wall-motion velocity (LAAWV) was measured with transthoracic tissue Doppler echocardiography. Plasma HANP was measured within 3 hours after echocardiography.
RESULTS: Human atrial natriuretic peptide ranged from 12 to 106 pg/mL with an average of 43 ± 24 pg/mL and had a significant correlation with LAAWV (r = -0.57) or LAA flow velocity (r = -0.41). HANP was significantly higher in patients with SEC than in patients without SEC (64 ± 29 vs. 34 ± 15 pg/mL, P = 0.008) and LAAWV was significantly lower in patients with SEC than in patients without SEC (13 ± 5 vs. 20 ± 5 cm/sec, P = 0.002). HANP >44 pg/mL had a sensitivity of 73% and specificity of 89% for diagnosing SEC. SEC was more frequently observed (73%) in patients with HANP >44 pg/mL and/or LAAWV <10 cm/sec as compared with patients (11%) with normal HANP and LAA wall-motion velocity (P < 0.0001).
CONCLUSION: Higher plasma HANP and lower LAA wall-motion velocity may be noninvasive surrogate markers for assessing left atrial thrombogenesis during sinus rhythm in paroxysmal AF patients.
Authors:
Naoyasu Yoshida; Mitsunori Okamoto; Hidekazu Hirao; Kazuyoshi Suenari; Kiyomi Nanba; Mio Uchida; Ryo Yamazato; Yuichiro Watari; Yukihiro Fukuda; Hironori Ueda
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-12-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8175     ISO Abbreviation:  Echocardiography     Publication Date:  2013 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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