Document Detail


High-performance photoelectrochemical cells from ionic liquid electrolyte in methyl-terminated silicon nanowire arrays.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20873809     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Photoelectrochemical (PEC) cells based on silicon nanowire arrays (SiNWs) have, to date, exhibited modest power conversion efficiency (PCE) and suffered serious degradation, though they exhibit advantageous properties of charge-transfer/transport properties at the radial-junction and strong light-trap capabilities. The main challenge for this low-cost PEC cell is the surface photooxidation and photocorrosion of the silicon surface when contacting with the electrolyte. In this report, SiNWs derivatized with covalently attached methyl groups, prepared via a two-step chlorination/methylation procedure, demonstrate excellent stability even in the presence of water. Furthermore, SiNWs PEC cells utilizing a room temperature ion liquid (IL) acting as an electrolyte solvent display neglectable surface oxidation. A PEC cell based on a platinum (Pt) nanodots decorated and methylated (-CH(3)) SiNWs electrode in combination with an IL electrolyte yields a PCE of 6.0% and shows excellent stability under simulated air mass (AM) 1.5 solar spectrum irradiation, while the PCE of a PEC cell based on planar silicon only exhibits 0.003%. The inherent performance of these structures indicates that a -CH(3) (Pt) SiNWs electrode in combination with an IL is a new approach to develop a high-performance and low-cost solar cell.
Authors:
Xiaojuan Shen; Baoquan Sun; Feng Yan; Jie Zhao; Fute Zhang; Suidong Wang; Xiulin Zhu; Shuittong Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  ACS nano     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1936-086X     ISO Abbreviation:  ACS Nano     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-26     Completed Date:  2011-02-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101313589     Medline TA:  ACS Nano     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  5869-76     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials and Devices, Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials (FUNSOM), Soochow University, 199 Ren'ai Road, Suzhou, 215123, China.
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