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High Expression of Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide and Substance P in Esophageal Mucosa of Patients with Non-Erosive Reflux Disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22961239     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Visceral hypersensitivity is an important etiology of non-erosive reflux disease (NERD). Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and substance P (SP) are involved in the sensitization of afferent neuronal pathways. AIM: The objectives of this study were to evaluate visceral hypersensitivity in NERD patients, investigate the association between visceral hypersensitivity and mucosal expression of SP and CGRP, and assess their involvement in the pathogenesis of NERD. METHODS: Twenty-six NERD patients and 12 healthy volunteers were recruited. Intraesophageal balloon distention was performed, and initial perception threshold (IPT) and threshold of discomfort (ToD) were determined. Immunohistochemical staining was used to measure the optical density (OD) of CGRP and SP-reactive levels in esophageal mucosa, and the numbers of CGRP and SP-reactive neural fibers. RESULTS: IPT and ToD were 9.6 ± 4.8 and 12.3 ± 3.2 ml, respectively, in NERD patients, significantly lower than for controls (13.2 ± 7.5 and 21.6 ± 5.7 ml, P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively). Mean OD values for CGRP and SP staining were significantly higher in NERD than for controls (both P < 0.05) and, in NERD, were negatively correlated with IPT and ToD (all P < 0.01). Numbers of CGRP and SP-reactive neural fibers in esophageal submucosa of NERD patients were significantly increased (both P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Expression of esophageal epithelial CGRP and SP is increased, and correlates negatively with perception thresholds in NERD. These findings may aid understanding of peripheral visceral hypersensitivity and the development of new therapeutic approaches for management of NERD.
Authors:
Xiaorong Xu; Zhaoshen Li; Duowu Zou; Min Yang; Zhanju Liu; Xingpeng Wang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Digestive diseases and sciences     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-2568     ISO Abbreviation:  Dig. Dis. Sci.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7902782     Medline TA:  Dig Dis Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Gastroenterology, Tenth People's Hospital of Tongji University, Yanchang Road, Shanghai, 200072, China, xrxu2011@sina.com.
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