Document Detail


Heterogeneity of rectus femoris muscle architectural adaptations after two different 14-week resistance training programmes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24750784     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the architectural changes of rectus femoris muscle at distinctive sites of the thigh length after two different 14-week resistance training programmes.
METHODS: Thirty-five untrained men were randomly allocated into three different groups: conventional resistance training (n = 12), isokinetic training (n = 12) and control (n = 11). Rectus femoris cross-sectional area, thickness and fascicle angle at two specific thigh sites (30% and 50% of the length) were assessed before and after 14 weeks of unilateral knee extension exercise or control. The isometric peak torque of the knee extensors was estimated as a muscle strength index.
RESULTS: Conventional (30% = 47·4% versus 50% = 14·4%) and isokinetic (30% = 31·8% versus 50% = 11·4%) training induced significant increases on thickness at both rectus femoris sites. While conventional training resulted in substantial increments on cross-sectional area (30% = 62·1%, 50% = 19·5%), isokinetic training provoked a significant increase only at the distal site (50% = 64·7%). The isometric peak torque increased (22·4 and 29·6%, for conventional and isokinetic groups, respectively) after training independently of the training mode, although no significant changes were observed for any dependent variable in the control group.
CONCLUSIONS: In general, the training modes resulted in similar changes on rectus femoris architecture, whereas their magnitude depended on the thigh site.
Authors:
Thiago T Matta; Francisco X M B Nascimento; Igor A Fernandes; Liliam F Oliveira
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-4-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical physiology and functional imaging     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1475-097X     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Physiol Funct Imaging     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-4-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101137604     Medline TA:  Clin Physiol Funct Imaging     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 Scandinavian Society of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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