Document Detail

Heterodimerization of human apelin and kappa opioid receptors: Roles in signal transduction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22200678     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Apelin receptor (APJ) and kappa opioid receptor (KOR) are members of the family A of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). These two receptors are involved in the central nervous system regulation of the cardiovascular system. Here, we explore the possibility of heterodimerization between APJ and KOR and investigate their novel signal transduction characteristics. Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP), co-localization and bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) assays confirmed the heterodimerization of APJ and KOR. In APJ and KOR stably transfected HEK293 cells, treatment with APJ ligand apelin-13 or KOR ligand dynorphinA (1-13) resulted in higher phosphorylation levels of extracellular-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2) compared to HEK293 cells transfected with either APJ or KOR alone. The siRNA knockdown of either APJ or KOR receptor in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) resulted in significant reduction of the apelin-13 induced ERK activation. Additionally both forskolin (FSK)-induced cAMP levels and cAMP response element reporter activities were significantly reduced, whereas the serum response element luciferase (SRE-luc) reporter activity was significantly upregulated. Moreover, the ERK phosphorylation and SRE-luc activity were abrogated by the protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor. These results demonstrate for the first time that human APJ forms a heterodimer with KOR and leads to increased PKC and decreased protein kinase A activity leading to a significant increase in cell proliferation, which may translate to the regulation of diverse biological actions and offers the potential for the development of more selective and tissue specific drug therapies.
Yalin Li; Jing Chen; Bo Bai; Hui Du; Youwang Liu; Haiqing Liu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cellular signalling     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-3913     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904683     Medline TA:  Cell Signal     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.
School of life science, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, 271018, China; Department of Neurobiology, Taishan Medical University, Taian, 271000, China.
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