Document Detail

Heritability of ambulatory and office blood pressure phenotypes in Swedish families.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15311099     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the heritability of 24-h ambulatory blood pressure and office blood pressure phenotypes in Swedish families. METHODS: We measured ambulatory and office blood pressure in 260 siblings without antihypertensive treatment from 118 families. Blood pressure heritability was estimated using standard quantitative genetic variance component analysis implemented in the 'SOLAR' software package after adjustment for significant covariates. RESULTS: Heritability values were significant for night-time systolic (37%), diastolic (32%) and mean (32%) ambulatory blood pressure (P < 0.05 for all). During daytime, systolic ambulatory blood pressure was significantly heritable (33%, P < 0.05). Twenty-four-hour systolic (30%) and diastolic (29%) ambulatory blood pressure also had significant values of heritability (P < 0.05). Pulse pressure ambulatory blood pressure was significantly heritable over 24 h (63%, P < 0.01), during daytime (53%, P < 0.01) and at night (34%, P < 0.05). None of the office blood pressure phenotypes had a significant heritability. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that ambulatory blood pressure, in particular at night, seems better than office blood pressure to capture the heritable part of blood pressure, suggesting that ambulatory blood pressure may be a more exact estimate of an individual's true blood pressure. Genetic studies using ambulatory blood pressure as the phenotype are likely to be more powerful than those using office blood pressure. The high heritability of pulse pressure ambulatory blood pressure indicates that variation in arterial stiffness in subjects free from antihypertensive medication is strongly affected by genetic factors.
Cristiano Fava; Philippe Burri; Peter Almgren; Leif Groop; U Lennart Hulthén; Olle Melander
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hypertension     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0263-6352     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2004 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-08-16     Completed Date:  2005-02-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8306882     Medline TA:  J Hypertens     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1717-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Endocrinology, University Hospital MAS, Malmö, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / genetics*
Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory*
Circadian Rhythm / genetics
Family Health
Hypertension / diagnosis*,  genetics*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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