Document Detail

Herd and cow-level prevalence of sole ulcers in The Netherlands and associated-risk factors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18313157     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A cross-sectional study was performed, to (re)evaluate the prevalence of sole ulcers (SUs) and the risk factors involved in dairy herds that perform claw trimming on a routine base. Twenty hoof trimmers collected data on the presence or absence of claw disorders on the hind claws of dairy cows during whole herd trimming in 383 herds in The Netherlands. A questionnaire was used to acquire information on management and housing. Additional data on parity, breed and stage of lactation of the cows were provided by the Dutch Herd Book Organization. Sole ulcer was present in 85% of the herds and in 5.6% (S.E. 0.2) of the study population (n=22,454 cows). The within-herd prevalence varied from 0% (14.6% of herds) to 26% (0.3% of herds) and in herds with SU was most frequently diagnosed 1-5% of the trimmed cows (45% of all herds). The risk for SU increased significantly with increasing parity. Cows that were at or after peak of lactation (>60 days in milk, DIM) had higher odds on SU in comparison to cows that were between 0 and 60 DIM (OR=0.6). The presence of other non-infectious claw disorders appeared to predispose to SU. Based on an estimation of the population attributable fraction, it was concluded that if sole hemorrhages, chronic laminitis (CL), white line disease and interdigital hyperplasia were the cause of SU and if those diseases could have been prevented in the study population, 35.4, 5.8, 11.6 and 4.6% of the SU cases respectively could have been prevented. Because of this relation, an effective intervention strategy of SU should focus on an integral approach of reducing the first stages of the bovine laminitis complex, whereas SU and CL are considered to be a later stage. Cows trimmed during late summer were at a higher risk for SU than cows trimmed in other periods of the year. Finally, cows in herds with purchased heifers were at a higher risk (OR=1.4) for SU than cows in herds that did not purchase heifers. A comparable positive effect was visible in herds with mattress bedding.
M Holzhauer; C Hardenberg; C J M Bartels
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-03-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Preventive veterinary medicine     Volume:  85     ISSN:  0167-5877     ISO Abbreviation:  Prev. Vet. Med.     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-24     Completed Date:  2008-09-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8217463     Medline TA:  Prev Vet Med     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  125-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dutch Animal Health Service, P.O. Box 9, 7400 AA Deventer, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Husbandry / methods
Cattle Diseases / epidemiology*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Foot Ulcer / complications,  epidemiology,  veterinary*
Hoof and Claw*
Lameness, Animal / complications
Logistic Models
Netherlands / epidemiology
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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