Document Detail

Herbal usage and informant consensus in ethnoveterinary management of cattle diseases among the Kikuyus (Central Kenya).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16879938     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
For most smallholder farmers in Kenya conventional veterinary drugs have become very expensive and therefore unaffordable, causing them to seek low cost alternatives that are rarely documented in most ethnobiological studies. This study surveyed the utilisation of traditional herbal preparations in managing cattle ailments in Central Kenya with the aim of providing a comprehensive ethnobotanical profile and the most important plant species that may warrant scientific validation for efficacy and commercial utilisation. Using semi-structured questionnaires and detailed discussions with smallholder farmers, a total of 40 plant species in 26 families were found to be useful in traditional management of various cattle ailments in this region. Two plant families were particularly frequent in usage: Asteraceae and Lamiaceae, while the most utilised plant species were found to be Synadenium compactum N.E.Br. (Euphorbiaceae), Solanecio manii (Hook.f.) C. Jeffrey (Asteraceae) and Senna didymobotrya (Fresen.) Irwin and Barneby (Caesalpinaceae). Informant consensus was particularly high in managing anaplasmosis, East coast fever and ectoparasites. Such plant species become key target in efficacy tests and for development of commercial veterinary botanicals. The usage of some of the species is unfortunately unsustainable as some of the species are rare or endangered hence the need for conservation strategies to be undertaken.
Grace N Njoroge; Rainer W Bussmann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-06-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of ethnopharmacology     Volume:  108     ISSN:  0378-8741     ISO Abbreviation:  J Ethnopharmacol     Publication Date:  2006 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-11-13     Completed Date:  2007-04-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7903310     Medline TA:  J Ethnopharmacol     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  332-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Botany Department, PO Box 62000, Nairobi, Kenya.
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MeSH Terms
Anaplasmosis / drug therapy
Asteraceae / chemistry
Cattle Diseases / drug therapy*,  economics
Phytotherapy / economics,  veterinary
Plant Extracts / chemistry,  therapeutic use*
Plant Leaves / chemistry
Plants, Medicinal / chemistry
Theileriasis / drug therapy
Veterinary Drugs / chemistry,  therapeutic use*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Plant Extracts; 0/Veterinary Drugs

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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