Document Detail


Hepatitis B in pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23002336     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection affects about 350 million individuals worldwide. Management of HBV infection in pregnancy is difficult because of several peculiar and somewhat controversial aspects. The aim of the present review is to provide a tool that may help physicians to correctly manage HBV infection in pregnancy. This review focuses on (1) the effect of pregnancy on HBV infection and of HBV infection on pregnancy; (2) the potential viral transmission from mother to newborn despite at-birth prophylaxis with immunoglobulin and vaccine; (3) possible prevention of mother-to-child transmission through antiviral drugs, the type of antiviral drug to use considering their efficacy and potential teratogenic effect, and the timing of their administration and discontinuation; and (4) the evidence for the use of elective caesarean section vs vaginal delivery and the possibility of breastfeeding.
Authors:
Guglielmo Borgia; Maria Aurora Carleo; Giovanni Battista Gaeta; Ivan Gentile
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of gastroenterology : WJG     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1007-9327     ISO Abbreviation:  World J. Gastroenterol.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-24     Completed Date:  2013-05-21     Revised Date:  2013-07-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883448     Medline TA:  World J Gastroenterol     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4677-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Public Medicine and Social Security, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Naples "Federico II", 80131 Naples, Italy. borgia@unina.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Breast Feeding
Cesarean Section
Female
Hepatitis B / drug therapy*,  prevention & control,  transmission
Humans
Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical / prevention & control
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / drug therapy*
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