Document Detail

Hepatitis B epidemiology and cultural practices in Amerindian populations of Amazonia: the Tupí-Mondé and the Xavánte from Brazil.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8783434     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Hepatitis B infection and disease are highly endemic in South America. Prevalences of positivity are particularly high in Amazonia, and among Amerindian peoples in particular. This paper reports the results of a seroepidemiological survey for hepatitis B virus (HBV) carried out among four Amerindian populations from the Brazilian Amazon region: Gavião, Surui, Zoro and Navate. Rates of positivity to HBV serological markers (HBsAg, anti-HBs and or anti-HBc) are very high for the four groups, ranging from 62.8 to 95.7%. It is argued that the high rates of positivity in the Amerindian groups dealt with in this study, as well as for other Amazonian populations, are related to a complex of cultural practices which enhance the likelihood of HBV transmission (bloodletting, scarification, tattooing and orally processed food, among others). The authors suggest that, due to unique patterns of interaction between sociocultural and environmental factors. HBV infection assumes a specific profile in native Amazonian societies.
C E Coimbra Júnior; R V Santos; C F Yoshida; M L Baptista; N M Flowers; A C do Valle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social science & medicine (1982)     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0277-9536     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Sci Med     Publication Date:  1996 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-11-19     Completed Date:  1996-11-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303205     Medline TA:  Soc Sci Med     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1735-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Departmento de Antropologia, Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Age Distribution
Brazil / epidemiology
Chi-Square Distribution
Child, Preschool
Hepatitis B / epidemiology*
Indians, South American*
Logistic Models
Middle Aged
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Sex Distribution
Social Behavior

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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