Document Detail

Hepatic hydrothorax: a retrospective case study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11930471     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To present the pathophysiology, differential diagnoses, assessment techniques, and treatment options for hepatic hydrothorax. DATA SOURCES: A case study is presented with supporting material from current medical literature. CONCLUSIONS: Hepatic hydrothorax is a pleural effusion caused by the flow of ascitic fluid into the pleural space through an actual defect in the diaphragm. Successful outcomes depend on early detection and timely referral of often-subtle lung involvement. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Although incidence is reported to be as high as 12% in cirrhotic patients, standard medical references attach little importance to pulmonary risks in this population. Hepatic hydrothorax should always be considered in the cirrhotic patient with a pleural effusion.
E G Jones
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1041-2972     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Acad Nurse Pract     Publication Date:  2001 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-04-04     Completed Date:  2002-04-30     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8916634     Medline TA:  J Am Acad Nurse Pract     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  209-14     Citation Subset:  N    
Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center, Charleston, SC, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Diagnosis, Differential
Hydrothorax / diagnosis,  etiology,  pathology*,  therapy
Liver Cirrhosis / complications*
Liver Diseases / diagnosis,  etiology,  pathology*,  therapy
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies

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