Document Detail


Hepatic expression of toll-like receptors 3, 4, and 9 in primary biliary cirrhosis and chronic hepatitis C.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23026026     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) may play a role in the inflammatory patterns observed in primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and chronic hepatitis C (CHC). We investigated TLR 3, 4 and 9 expression in PBC and CHC using immunohistochemical staining. METHODS: Patient biopsies of PBC (N=11) and CHC (N=15) were compared to disease free livers (n=7). The extent of TLR staining was assessed separately according to a semi-quantitative scale for hepatocytes, cholangiocytes and portal mononuclear cells (PMC). RESULTS: In hepatocytes, TLR4 expression was increased (PBC; P=0.019), as was TLR9 (PBC; P=0.006, CHC; P=0.001). Cholangiocyte expression of TLRs 4 and 3 was reduced in both PBC (TLR4; P<0.0001, TLR3; P=0.006) and CHC (TLR4; P<0.0001, TLR3; P=0.014). Cholangiocyte expression of TLR9 was elevated for both groups and was significant in CHC (P=0.0115). PMCs showed up-regulation of TLR9 in PBC (P=0.022) and CHC (P=0.0001), with almost no expression of TLR 3 or 4. CONCLUSIONS: In PBC and CHC, hepatocytes showed increased TLR 4 and 9 expression without change in TLR3. Cholangiocytes showed increased TLR9 expression as opposed to down-regulation of TLRs 3 and 4. PMCs in both diseases had significantly increased TLR 9 expression perhaps implicating TLR9 expression in chronic liver inflammation.
Authors:
Petros C Benias; Kavitha Gopal; Henry Bodenheimer; Neil D Theise
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinics and research in hepatology and gastroenterology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2210-741X     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101553659     Medline TA:  Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Beth Israel Medical Center, 16th Street at First Avenue, 17th Floor, Baird Hall, 10003 New York, United States. Electronic address: PBenias@chpnet.org.
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