Document Detail

Hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm associated with cholecystitis that ruptured into the gallbladder.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15565412     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Pseudoaneurysm of the hepatic artery due to cholecystitis may be very rare, and in our survey of the literature, the present case report is the first case of such a pseudoaneurysm. A 64-year-old woman presented with upper gastrointestinal bleeding and severe epigastric pain. Upper gastrointestinal tract endoscopy revealed blood coming out of the papilla of Vater. Color-Doppler ultrasound imaging showed a pulsatile wave pattern in an echogenic lesion inside the gallbladder. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography demonstrated a 3-cm pseudoaneurysm in the distended gallbladder. Angiography disclosed extravasation originating from the right hepatic artery. Emergency selective transcatheter arterial embolization was performed, with intravascular stainless steel microcoils, and complete occlusion of the pseudoaneurysm was achieved. The patient underwent cholecystectomy with resection of the extrahepatic bile duct and biliary reconstruction in a Roux-en-Y fashion. Macroscopically, the resected gallbladder contained clotted blood and multiple cholesterol stones. Microscopically, the mucosa of the gallbladder showed extensive necrosis and many inflammatory cells. The final diagnosis was pseudoaneurysm of the hepatic artery associated with calculous gangrenous cholecystitis. Although the mechanism of the pseudoaneurysm remains speculative, severe inflammatory reaction in the gallbladder may have infiltrated the liver parenchyma and may have eroded the wall of the hepatic artery, thus forming a pseudoaneurysm. Hemobilia is one of the important differential diagnoses when unexplained gastrointestinal bleeding is observed, especially in patients with hepatobiliary diseases.
Tomotaka Akatsu; Shinobu Hayashi; Tomohisa Egawa; Masakazu Doi; Atsushi Nagashima; Mitsuhide Kitano; Takashi Yamane; Hiroshi Yoshii; Masaki Kitajima
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of gastroenterology     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0944-1174     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Gastroenterol.     Publication Date:  2004 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-11-26     Completed Date:  2005-01-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9430794     Medline TA:  J Gastroenterol     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  900-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Aneurysm, False / etiology*,  radiography,  therapy
Cholecystitis / complications*
Embolization, Therapeutic
Gallbladder / ultrasonography
Hemobilia / diagnosis,  etiology*
Hepatic Artery*
Middle Aged
Rupture, Spontaneous
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Ultrasonography, Doppler

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